Bukalov A.V.
Socionics, Mentology and Personality Psychology
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Socionics is connected with psychology, sociology and informatics in triangle form. The scientific basis of Socionics was created in early 70-th of the XX century by Aušra Augustinavičiūtė (Lithuania). Socionics is a further development of Jung and Myers-Briggs typology transformed into a science of 16 psychological types of personality. A.Augustinavičiūtė used Kempinsky’s concept of information processes in creating her own informational model of human mind. This allowed describing various aspects of personality thinking and behavior by representing personality as a type of informational metabolism (TIM) with indication of its strong and weak sides.

This implied the possibility of describing and forecasting not only behavior of IM types, but relationships between such types as well. These relationships are conditioned by informational exchange between identical IM functions located at different positions in the IM model of types. Such description is an advance in the sphere of sciences about human being.

There are 16 types of relationships, which emerge between 16 personality types in the process of communication; they range from the "conflict" to the most attractive one called "duality" (mutual complement). At the same time, the whole complex of IM types and their relationships makes an integral system - socion, defined by A.Augustinavičiūtė as a "unit of integral human intellect". There are four closed groups in socion called "quadra". Each quadra consists of 4 best compatible IM types. Quadras are connected with relationships of social order and social control, which determine transmission and treatment of information in socion.

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