Socionics is connected with psychology, sociology and informatics in triangle form. The scientific basis of Socionics was created in early 70-th of the XX century by Aušra Augustinavičiūtė (Lithuania). Socionics is a further development of Jung and Myers-Briggs typology transformed into a science of 16 psychological types of personality. A.Augustinavičiūtė used Kempinsky’s concept of information processes in creating her own informational model of human mind. This allowed describing various aspects of personality thinking and behavior by representing personality as a type of informational metabolism (TIM) with indication of its strong and weak sides.

This implied the possibility of describing and forecasting not only behavior of IM types, but relationships between such types as well. These relationships are conditioned by informational exchange between identical IM functions located at different positions in the IM model of types. Such description is an advance in the sphere of sciences about human being.

There are 16 types of relationships, which emerge between 16 personality types in the process of communication; they range from the "conflict" to the most attractive one called "duality" (mutual complement). At the same time, the whole complex of IM types and their relationships makes an integral system - socion, defined by A.Augustinavičiūtė as a "unit of integral human intellect". There are four closed groups in socion called "quadra". Each quadra consists of 4 best compatible IM types. Quadras are connected with relationships of social order and social control, which determine transmission and treatment of information in socion.

Kaupenbaeva Samala, Zhanabaeva Dinarab, Gabitov Tursunc Saule Ibekeeva
Section : Integral socionics

Kazakhstan needs new innovative ideas and new identification of mentality. Hence, today Kazakh national idea should be transformed into general Kazakhstan’s, Eurasian idea carrying universal and general character. It should reject blind following to globalizational standards and worshipping market as panacea from all disasters. As form of self-consciousness of own cultural originality, national idea differs from concepts such as mentality, national spirit and character. National mentality, as sacred system of spiritual world outlook principles, is not focused on the fixation of cultural psychological peculiarities of nation. Above-mentioned concepts may be united into one term ‘ecology’ of culture or its archetype. Term introduced by C. Jung for identification of ‘collective unconsciousness’, which defines general moments of images of thinking and behavior of definite type of culture. Mental peculiarities of Kazakh culture were thoroughly described (as noticed by scientists it is better to describe mentality, rather than define, since it has virtual character) in works of Kazakhstan’s authors, which were used as source base for
this article

Maurice Yolles, Gerhard Fink
Section : At the junction of Sciences

The plural agency is a self-referential, self-regulating, self-organising, adaptive, proactive and culturally stable collective, having a normative personality belonging to a psychosocial framework of the “collective mind.” The agency can be characterised by Mindset types, a derivative of Maruyama’s Mindscape meta-theory - a little known but powerful epistemic approach that can anticipate an agency’s patterns of behaviour and demands. A Mindscape is a construct from which coherent sets of behavioural mindsets can emerge. However, Mindscape theory lacks generative transparency, and the Mindset theory we develop changes this. Mindset Theory is based on the SagivSchwartz (2007) cultural values study from which 8 Mindset types are generated that individually or in combination can characterise personality and anticipate behaviour.

Jung established a basis for the development of a cognitive theory of personality. It became the entry point for a number of other schemas for personality that centre on personality differences between individuals. They include the Myers-Briggs Type Inventory (MBTI) schema and its close relative Socionics linking Jung’s conceptualisations with those of Freud and Kepinski (Müller, Malsch & Schulz-Schaeffer, 1998). Other schemas include the (...)

Betty Lou Leaver, Rebecca Oxford
Section : Education

This paper presents a new perspective on mentoring foreign language teachers. It suggests that mentoring is an essential part of a program manager’s responsibilities, but that it is important to individualize the process of mentoring if it is to be as effective as it can be. First, a definition of mentoring and issues surrounding it are discussed. Next, the key to successful mentoring—providing equal but not identical treatment—is described. The importance of recognizing style differences among individuals is addressed, including differences in personality type, cognition, preferred modality, conceptual tempo, and biology. Mentors who differentiate—mentor in style—report that the results are well worth the effort. In using style information to determine how to proceed with mentoring each individual teacher, some program directors prefer to have teachers first take one of the several available style inventories and then to discuss the validity and nature of the results with the individual teachers. Other program directors prefer to observe teachers and then to discuss their perceptions of styles with individuals. For a style-mediated program, it is recommended that style terminology or "type talk" become a part of the professional life of the program. Also recommends talking about style differences with the teaching team, building shared terminology that is nondiscriminatory in its characterization of personal differences, and providing an individualized approach to mentoring while also providing for the mentoring of the entire team of teachers in the program.

Peter Geyer
Section : Typology

The selection of questionnaires above represents a judgement as to, the most pertinent questionnaires. In this case a combination of history and locality (the US) has been used. However other instruments such as Insights (Scotland), the JTI (Norway and Europe), Socionics (online/Russia), TMI (Australia) the Type Dynamics Indicator (England) as well as the many brief questionnaires that are part of various book introductions are available and used. The TMI for instance, dates from the 1970s.

So why so many?

Firstly, these questionnaires and profiles represent different views of Jungʼs typology, some extensively researched others more sketchily so. Some donʼt appear to have contacted Jungʼs ideas much. The popularity of the MBTI, particularly from the 1980s, is also significant. The advent of a non-pathologically oriented questionnaire whose theme was that it was good to be you had broad appeal, to the dismay of some personality researchers and (...)

L.Dobele, E.Grigorjevs
Section : Management

The research describes the significance of organisation management and its influencing factors in micro-enterprise activities. The research is based on the study of specialised literature on the development of organisation management from the ancient history to nowadays. The authors have defined three main factors influencing organisation management – psychological relations and interaction of personnel, project and employee time management, and organisational impact factor. These factors are analysed in an information technology (IT) micro-enterprise “Motive” Ltd. It was found out that the effect of organisation management to micro-enterprise activities was essential. The successful selection and implementation of organisation management is a precondition for effective economic activities, competitive development, and achievement of strategic long-term goals of the business.

Andra Jākobsone, Sarma Cakula
Section : Education

Adult education forms a part of the education system determined by all national and regional development needs, population structure, and abilities and interests of inhabitants. With the aim of getting a new perspective view on and understanding of what the future of adult education is, the study uses modern technological opportunities and basic theory of socionics. The accessibility of information and knowledge is essential together with a thirst for knowledge, perception skills and practical use of knowledge. The work with knowledge implies creation of content: generation of a new knowledge in order to stimulate the development of innovative processes.

Sarma Cakula, Andra Jakobsone
Section : Education

One of the most important prerequisites in base plan for long-term development of all countries is high education level in society what includes e-learning studies. Learning is a cognitive activity that differs from person to person. Most of the e-learning systems do not take into account individual aspects of person, ignoring the different needs that are specific to existing cognitive profiles. The goal of the paper is to work out and create theoretical principles of using ontology for building course methodology for individual use, according to the person’s characteristics and performance, depending also on the concepts that the person knows. The objectives of the paper are ICT ontology and basic theory of socionics in e-learning. As the result of this technology should be recommendations of methodology of delivering course units for each individual person using e-learning.

Sergij V. Begun, Vasilij V. Begun
Section : Safety

If we analyze the causes of severe accidents in the world nuclear industry, we find in most cases common root causes: project deficiency, human error. The fundamental remedy of these root causes is only possible through improvement of nuclear education. Development of the nuclear education standards for the nuclear industry staff and the certification system for teaching staff are proposed. Recommendations with mandatory for the nuclear industry staff disciplines, appropriate knowledge and skills were developed. Propositions for the principles and structure of the certification system for teaching staff are formulated. The risk of emergency situations and accidents in nuclear industry will be significantly reduced.

Safety culture should be studied as a generalization, systematization discipline at the end of the course.

All of listed above categories - industry staff - should have knowledge of: The structure of the nuclear industry and the general information on nuclear facilities; Safety management techniques based on risk assessments; The basic concepts of socionics and sociometry; Procedures for the analysis of violations at nuclear power plants (...)

Ligita Zīlīte
Section : Typology

A large number of researchers and practitioners in USA and Western Europe use MBTI which is a type theory tool in their works. Research works are carried out in socionics in Russia and Ukraine and their discoveries are used in practice. Both these theories have been formed based on C. G. Jung’s theory. The author of the article discovered that both theories are essentially the same doctrine of the individual and complement each other and are in no way contradictory. Globalization processes offer researchers worldwide the opportunity to mutually benefit and enrich themselves if only they are ready to avail these opportunities.

Horwood J., Maw A.
Section : Teamworking

Many organisations have realised the growing importance of teamworking and communication skills within their workforce. Teams that function well together tend to be more productive, dynamic and emotionally content. Highstress professions, particularly those in the aviation industry, have recognised the importance of teamworking, not only for error reduction but also for successful outcomes in crisis situations. This has led to a wealth of psychological research into many aspects of team interactions. Numerous independent organisations now utilise psychological profiling techniques to predict how their employees will perform in a team situation. In addition, a wealth of companies offer various types of team training, specifically designed to improve the interactions between employees.

Reinhard Blutner, Elena Hochnadel
Section : Mathematical Methods

We propose a formalization of C.G. Jung’s theory of personality using a four-dimensional Hilbert-space for the representation of two qubits. The first qubit relates to Jung’s four psychological functions: Thinking, Feeling, Sensing and iNtuition, which are represented by two groups of projection operators, T, F and S, N. The operators in each group are commuting but operators of different groups are not. The second qubit represents Jung’s two perspectives of extraversion and introversion. It is shown that this system gives a natural explanation of the 16 psychological types that are defined in the Jungian tradition. Further, the system accounts for the restriction posed by Jung concerning the possible combination of psychological functions and perspectives. The empirical consequences of the present theory are discussed, and the results of a pilot study are reported with the aim to check some basic predictions of the theory. In addition, it is shown why the present praxis of personality diagnostics based on classical statistics is insufficient

Section : Groups

The socionics, being an information metabolism theory, is able to describe the psychoinformation spaces of the mentality of person, collective or ethnos by the models A or B. The existence of the information metabolism discrete functions determines the necessity of the quanting of the described information space. Such quanting can be revealed by the social roles of some groups, selected in collective or society (as well as in state, ethnos or set of ethnoses, in human civilization in general).
From this point of view the detailed distribution of roles has to be correspondent to the socionics A-model.

Piatnitski V.V.
Section : Types

Descriptions presented in this section, unlike descriptions made by other authors, attempt to isolate particulars related to differeces of personal story factors from the specific TIM-related characteristics. It is an effort to present descriptions of the TIM models, rather than descriptions of particular representatives of the TIMs.

The abstract А-Model has 16 different instance models, each of them define a particular type of information metabolism (TIM). Altogether there are 16 instance models of information processing, hence, 16 TIMs. This section contains descriptions of these 16 models.

A TIM model - is a formula that describes in its formal language characteristics of the information processing by the psyche. Although a TIM model is accurate, it is presented in a (...)

Eglit IM
Section : Psychotherapy

Techniques of dealing with negative control emotions of one-dimensional functions are described. These techniques have been elaborated in the course of the practical work of the SSS experts.

Faced with reaction of our one-dimensional functions, we usually want to get rid of this existential "inconvenience." Clearly, people would like to be fully developed persons, have no weaknesses, and so on.

What I do not recommend doing [in order to become a fully developed person] - is the so-called "overexercise" of the one-dimensional functions, intensively pumping them up with experience, overloading them with work or subjecting them to (...)

Svetlana Ivanova
Section : Education

The external and internal reasons cause introduction and distribution of innovations in education. The external reasons are normative documents, administrative resources, production need, etc. The internal reasons are teacher’s personal needs and needs of pedagogical communities. The paper analyses the influence of psychological type of a person on relation to innovations that is the defining factor of success of all innovative process.

Section : en

International Institute of Socionics in this library provides open access to the articles from its journals and to the results of research and educational materials on socionics and related disciplines.

Ligita Zīlīte
Section : About Socionics

A large number of researchers and practitioners in USA and Western Europe use MBTI which is a type theory tool in their works. Research works are carried out in socionics in Russia and Ukraine and their discoveries are used in practice. Both these theories have been formed based on C.G. Jung’s theory. The author of the article discovered that both theories are essentially the same doctrine of the individual and complement each other and are in no way contradictory. Globalization processes offer researchers worldwide the opportunity to mutually benefit and enrich themselves if only they are ready to avail these opportunities.

Описана методология проведения соционических экспериментов в НИИ Соционики. Представлены результаты исследования признаков Рейнина, соционических малых групп и (...)
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Socionics, mentology and personality psychology - 9 August 2018
Рассмотрены результаты исследования уровня знаний по соционике в тематических группах социальных сетей.
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Socionics, mentology and personality psychology - 9 August 2018
Описана наблюдаемая разница в эмоциональных проявлениях ТИМов с одним знаком функции «этика эмоций» (E). Выдвинута и проверена на протоколах диагностики ТИМа (...)
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Socionics, mentology and personality psychology - 9 August 2018
Рассмотрена семантика информационного аспекта E («черная этика») с использованием концепций – содержательных уровней для аспектов; «живых» и «неживых» подаспектов; (...)
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Socionics, mentology and personality psychology - 9 August 2018
Программа «Калькулятор признаков Рейнина» позволяет установить точность определения типа социоником на основании введенных им данных точности определения каждого из (...)
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Socionics, mentology and personality psychology - 9 August 2018

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